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              土建英語詞匯

              青島希尼爾翻譯咨詢有限公司整理發布  2015-9-12 

                     

               土建英語詞匯 Civil English Glossary 土建英語詞匯
              Civil English Glossary

              一、設計專業
              工藝(專業):process design/engineering
              系統(專業):systems engineering
              設備(專業):equipment engineering
              布置(專業):plant layout engineering
              管道設計(專業):piping design
              管道機械(專業) :piping mechanical
              engineering
              儀表(專業):instruments engineering
              電氣(專業):electrical engineering
              建筑(專業):architectural
              土建(專業):civil engineering
              設計階段:engineering phase
              基礎工程設計階段:
              basic engineering phase
              詳細工程設計階段:
              detailed engineering phase

              二、圖紙
              揚子石化—巴斯夫有限責任公司
              BASF-YPC Company Limited

              一體化石化項目—中國,南京
              IPS PROJECT—NANJING,CHINA

              中國石化洛陽石油化工工程公司:
              SINOPEC LUOYANG
              PETROCHEMICAL ENGINEERING
              CORP.
              中海殼牌南海石化項目:
              CSPC NANHAI PETROCHEMICALS
              PROJECT
              麗東芳烴項目:
              LIDONG AROMATICS COMPLEX
              PROJECT
              冷卻塔(南區):
              COOLING TOWERS (SOUTH)

              施工圖紙:Working drawing,
              Construction drawing
              工藝裝置:Process unit
              工藝流程圖:Process flow diagram [PED]
              裝置布置圖:Plot plan
              會簽:Inter discipline check
              圖號:DWG NO.
              資質等級 grade of qualification
              設計: designed by
              校對: checked by
              審核: supervisor
              附注: notes
              圖例: legend
              剖面: section
              平面圖: layout plan
              立面圖: elevation
              結構布置圖: structure plan

              1配筋圖: reinforcing plan
              模板圖: form plan

              二、結構
              基礎: foundation
              基礎梁: foundation beam
              樁基礎: pile foundation
              樁承臺: pile capping

              打樁機: pile driver
              振動打樁機: vibratory driver
              打樁: pile driving

              Z2101泵吸水池詳圖: pump basin detail
              for Z2101
              冷卻塔水池: Cooling tower basin
              池壁: wall
              伸縮縫: expansion and contraction joint
              底板: bottom slab
              水池頂板:basin top slab

              風機基礎詳圖: fan foundation detail
              現澆墻板: cast-in-place wall panel
              預制墻板: pre-cast wall panel
              鋼筋混凝土框架:
              reinforced concrete frame
              鋼筋混凝土柱:
              reinforced concrete column
              牛腿: bracket

              鋼筋混凝土現澆板: cast-in-place
              reinforced concrete slab
              地下管道: underground trench
              斜梁: stringer
              平臺梁: beams of platform
              懸臂梁: cantilever beam
              女兒墻: parapet

              人孔蓋板: manhole cover
              集水坑; catchment pit
              溢流槽: flood relief channel
              爬梯: ladder
              pretensioned spun concrete piles
              先張法預應力混凝土管樁

              三、材料
              預埋件 embedded plate
              鋼板 steel plate
              鋼圓環: steel ring plate
              雨水篦子板: rain water grating
              鋼筋 reinforcing bar
              熱軋光圓鋼筋: hot rolled plain steel
              bars
              熱軋帶肋鋼筋: hot rolled ribbed steel
              bars
              I 級: grade I
              插筋: anchor rebar
              鋼筋錨固長度:bond length of rebars
              鋼筋搭接: bar splicing

              2箍筋: stirrup
              縱向鋼筋: longitudinal bar
              彎起鋼筋,元寶筋: bend bar
              鋼筋間距: rod spacing
              搭接長度: overlapping length

              不銹鋼欄桿: stainless steel handrail
              支架: support
              電纜槽盒支架: cable trench support
              儀表槽盒支架: instrument trench
              support
              螺母: nut
              錨栓: anchor bolt
              M30 六角螺帽: M30 six angle screw cap
              外露100,絲扣 80: outcrop 100, thread 80
              地腳螺栓,基礎螺栓: foundation bolt

              墊片: washer
              間隔布置: interval set

              早強劑: early-strength admixture
              防凍附加劑: antifreeze admixture
              混凝土:C40 concrete: class:40
              細石混凝土: fine aggregate concrete
              配合比: mixture ratio
              抗滲等級:P8 seepage class::P8
              抗壓強度: compression strength
              混凝土保護層厚度:minimum concrete
              cover
              砂: sand
              卵石: pebble
              碎石: crushed stone
              礫石: gravel
              骨料: aggregate

              水泥: cement
              普通硅酸鹽水泥:
              ordinary portland cement
              粘土磚: clay brick
              墊層: cushion

              裝飾工程(抹灰、涂料、刷漿)
              1:2 水泥砂漿 20厚:
              1:2 cenment mortar thickness 20mm
              找平層: leveling blacket
              抹灰:plastering
              抹平,找平:screeding
              抹光,壓光:trowel finish
              抹子:trowel

              抹灰底層: rendering coat
              抹灰罩面層:setting coat
              灌縫: grout
              填料: filling
              收水器: drift eliminator

              工藝管道:process pipe
              套管: pipe sleeve
              3壁厚: wall thickness
              翼環: plate ring
              石棉水泥: asbestos cement
              油麻: oil-- hemp
              橡膠止水帶:rubber water stop
              密封膠: joint sealant
              填縫板: joint filler
              瀝青涂層: asphalt coating
              鍍鋅鐵皮:galvanized iron sheet

              四、測量
              軸線: axes
              坐標:coordinate
              標高: elevation; datum mark
              中心標高: center elevation
              相對標高: relative elevation
              絕對標高: absolute elevation
              平面控制: plane control
              高程控制: elevation control
              經緯儀: transit
              水準儀: surveyor’s level
              水準點: bench mark
              基準點,標高: datum mark
              坐標控制點:the coordinate control points
              測桿: surveying rod
              鋼卷尺: steel tape

              五、項目管理
              項目經理:Project Manager
              設計經理:Engineering Manager
              施工經理:Construction Manager
              QA/QC經理:QA/QC Manager
              HSE經理:HSE Manager
              采購經理:Procurement Manager
              控制經理:Control Manager
              承包商: contractor
              分包商: Subcontractor
              分包合同:subcontract
              項目計劃:project plan
              (項目)設計計劃:(project) engineering
              plan
              (項目)采購計劃:(project) procurement
              plan
              (項目)施工計劃:(project) construction
              plan
              (項目)開車計劃:(project) start-up plan

              項目主進度計劃:project master schedule
              詳細進度計劃:detailed schedule
              進度控制:schedule control; progress
              control
              進度提前:ahead of schedule
              進度拖延:schedule delay
              開車:start-up
              試車:commissioning
              投料試車:Start-up; test run; initial
              operations
              用戶驗收,裝置驗收:Client acceptance;
              Plant acceptance
              4
              六、招標、投標、合同
              投標書: Form of Bid
              簽署人:Signed by
              投標文件:The Bid Documents
              商務標:confidential commercial bid
              技術標:Technical Bid
              報價表:Cost Breakdown Sheet
              投標確認書:Form of acknowledgement
              投標邀請函(招標文件): ITB Documents
              投標邀請函: invitation to bid
              第一部分(節) : sectionⅠ.
              給投標人的指令: instruction to bidder
              section Ⅱ.
              合同協議書(草案):
              contract agreement(draft)
              section Ⅲ.
              合同條件: conditions of contract
              section Ⅳ.
              合同附件: Appendix for the contract
              投標保函:bid bond
              履約保函:performance bind
              履約擔保書:performance bank guarantee
              授權委托書:power of attorney
              委托代理人(被授權人) :Signature of
              Attorney
              法定代表人(授權人):Signature of legal
              representative
              合同生效日期:Effective date of the
              contract
              合同終止:termination of contract
              合同失效:frustration of contract
              總價合同:lump-sum contract【L-S】
              (固定)單價合同:(fixed) unit price
              contract
              償付合同,成本加酬金合同:(cost)
              reimbursable contract; cost-plus(fee)
              contract 【C-P】
              預付款:advance payment; down payment
              保留金:retentin money
              最終付款:final payment
              未可預見費:contingency
              七、施工
              開工會議:kick-off meeting
              施工組織設計:construction execution
              plan
              施工技術方案:technical proposal
              工期: construction period
              施工階段:construction stage (phase)
              施工進度:construction progress
              工程進度款:progress payment
              工程量:quantities
              工程造價:construction cost
              工程預算:construction budget

              工日:man-day
              工時:man-hour
              工地, 施工現場:
              Building site, construction site
              5安裝工程:installation work
              安裝費: installation expenses
              施工單位: construction unit
              安全帽: protective cap, safety helmet
              安全帶: protecting band, safety belt

              七、施工機械設備
              挖掘: excavate
              挖土機: excavator
              履帶式推土機:crawler dozer
              履帶式起重機:crawler crane
              反鏟挖土機: back digger
              挖溝機: trench digger
              鏟運機: scraper
              壓路機: road roller
              翻斗車: tipping skip
              自卸卡車: dumping truck
              灑水車: sprinkler
              土方工程: earth work
              回填: back fill
              蛙式打夯機: frog rammer
              基坑:foundation pit
              鋼筋切斷機: bar cutter
              鋼筋彎曲機: angle--bender
              調直機: straightener

              八、地基處理
              地基處理:ground treatment
              復合地基:
              地基承載力特征值:
              換填墊層法:
              強夯:dynamic compaction
              振沖碎石樁:VCS. Piles (vibroflotation
              crushed stone piles)

              九、砼工程
              腳手架: scaffold
              單排豎管腳手架:putlog scaffold
              雙排豎管腳手架:independent scaffold
              管子腳手架:pipe scaffold
              滿堂腳手架:full framing
              立桿: the standing pole
              掃地桿: ground bars
              橫桿: ledger
              防護欄: protective barrier,
              guard rail
              腳手板: scaffold board
              扣件: coupler
              十字扣件:double coupler
              旋轉扣件:swivel coupler
              套筒扣件:sleeve coupler
              隔離劑: isolating agent
              鋼筋加工: rebar fabrication
              鋼筋連接: rebar connection
              鐵絲: iron wire
              綁扎 lashing
              搭接: lap
              搭接接頭: lap joint
              6焊接: welding
              焊接接頭: welded joint
              搭接焊: lap welding
              砂漿墊塊 mortar block

              制模,模板工程 formwork
              模板: form
              組合鋼模板: combined steel formwork
              模板配板: formwork configuration
              模板支設: formwork erection
              模板接縫: the formwork joint
              安裝偏差: installation deviation
              起拱: arch camber
              模板拆除: formwork removal

              澆灌混凝土: cast concrete, placing
              concrete, depositing concrete,
              concrete pouring
              泵送混凝土: pumping of concrete
              混凝土中心攪拌站: centralized concrete
              mixing plant
              混凝土攪拌汽車; concrete mixer truck
              混凝土攪拌: concrete agitation
              振搗混凝土: vibrated concrete
              插入式振搗器: insertion type vibrator
              平板振動器: plate vibrator
              抹子,泥刀: trowel
              抹灰,抹光: toweling

              坍落度:slump
              兩組試塊: two sets of testing blocks
              混凝土見證取樣:witness sampling of
              concrete
              混凝土施工縫處理:
              treatment of concrete construction joint
              初凝: initial set
              初凝時間: initial setting time
              終凝:final set
              終凝時間:final setting time
              拆除模板: form removal, form stripping
              混凝土養護 concrete curing
              草墊: straw mattress
              加熱器: heater
              溫度計: thermometer
              回填 back fill
              回填夯實 backfill consolidation

              九、鋼結構

              鋼結構: steel structure

              涂層: coating
              油漆,涂料: paint
              底漆: paint primer
              中間漆:intermediate painting
              面漆: finish coat

              透底: disclosure
              7流墜: hanging
              皺皮: wrinkle
              漏涂: miss painting
              返銹: rust again
              漆膜厚度: film thickness
              結構構件: structural member
              桁 架: truss
              垂直支撐:vertical bracing
              小立柱: post
              WA325鋼格板: WA325 grating
              斜梁: stringer
              踏步板: treads
              踏步鋼格板: grating for stair tread
              鋼梯: steel stairway
              斜梯欄桿: guard rails
              不銹鋼欄桿: stainless steel handrail
              平臺欄桿: GR of platform
              脹錨螺栓: expansion bolts
              預制場地: prefabrication area
              原材料: raw material
              半成品: semi-finished goods
              切割: cutting
              打磨坡口: grinding
              除銹: remove rust, cleaning
              噴砂: sand blasting
              型鋼: section steel
              熱軋工字鋼: hot-rolled I-beam steel
              熱軋槽鋼: hot-rolled channel steel
              熱軋 H型鋼: hot-rolled H steel
              熱軋鋼板: hot-rolled plates
              熱軋等邊角鋼:hot-rolled equal-leg angle
              steel
              熱軋不等邊角鋼:hot-rolled unequal-leg
              angle steel
              無縫鋼管: seamless steel pipes
              不銹鋼板: stainless steel plate
              扁 鋼: strap steel
              垂直度: Verticality
              分片組裝: be assembled by sections
              現場成框: framed at site
              焊縫: weld seam
              焊縫高度: weld height
              焊縫長度: weld length
              V型和 U 型坡口:
              V-type and U-type bevel
              焊槍: welding gun
              焊機: welding machine
              焊炬: welding torch
              氣焊: gas welding
              電焊: electric welding
              手工焊: hand welding
              自動和半自動電弧焊:
              automatic and semi-automatic welding
              對焊: butt welding
              角焊縫: fillet
              焊條: weld rod, electrode
              斷續焊接: gap welding

              8針孔: Pinhole
              裂紋: Crack
              夾渣: Slag
              燒穿: Burning out
              咬邊: Undercut
              漏焊: Losing welding
              未焊透:Lack of fusion
              弧坑: Concavity
              磨光機: Grinding machine
              打磨: Grind
              半自動切割機:
              Semi-automatic welding machine
              火焰切割: Torch cutting
              機械鉆孔: Drill by machine
              焊條保溫筒:Rod oven
              噴砂除銹:The sand blasting
              高強度大六角頭螺栓連接副:
              Set of big hexagonal high-strength bolt
              抗滑移系數:Slide coefficient of faying
              surface
              扭矩系數: torsional moment
              coefficient
              扭矩扳手: torsional moment wrench
              電子軸力計: electronics ergometer
              萬能材料試驗機:testing machine
              終擰扭矩:final torsional moment (N.m)
              預拉力: prestressed

              十、蓄水試驗
              蓄水試驗 water filling test
              水深: water depth
              允許滲水量(L/m2
              · d):
              bleed-off allowance
              水面面積: water level area
              濕潤面積: wet area
              測讀時間: reading time
              初讀; start reading
              末讀: end reading
              水位測針讀數:water level meter reading
              蒸發水箱水位測針讀數:
              water level meter reading
              in the evaporation water box

              大氣溫度: atmosphere temperature
              水溫: water temperature
              實際滲水量(L/m2
              · d):
              actual water bleed-off

              十一、 地基檢測
              青島芳烴工程巖土工程勘察報告(2004
              堪-02):
              The geotechnical investigation report in
              Qingdao aromatics complex
              project(2004kan-02)

              樁基低應變動力檢測報告:
              Inspection report of low stain
              dynamic testing of pile
              9基樁高應變動力檢測 high strain
              dynamic testing of piles
              單樁靜載試驗 static test of single pile
              單樁豎向抗壓靜載試驗 vertical
              compression bearing capacity static
              test for single pile
              單樁水平靜載試驗:lateral bearing
              capacity static test for single pile
              單樁豎向抗拔靜載試驗: vertical
              up-lifting bearing capacity static test
              for single pile
              單樁豎向抗壓極限承載力:vertical
              ultimate compress bearing capacity
              for a single pile
              樁側摩阻力:skin friction resistance
              樁端阻力:end bearing resistance

              單樁水平極限承載力:ultimate lateral
              bearing capacity for a single pile
              樁頂水平位移:lateral displacement

              單樁豎向抗拔極限承載力:ultimate
              vertical up-lifting bearing capacity for
              a single pile
              工程地質概況:
              engineering conditions of soils
              素填土: Plain Fill
              粉質粘土: Silty Clay
              粉土: Silt
              淤泥質粉質粘土:Sludgy Silty Clay
              粉砂:Silty Sand
              中粗砂 medium sand
              中細砂 fine sand

              高壓縮性: high compressibility
              中等壓縮性: medium compressibility
              低壓縮性: low compressibility

              可塑~硬塑狀態: plastic-hard plastic
              流塑狀態: flow plastic
              局部軟塑狀態: partly soft plastic
              飽和 saturated
              松散 incompact

              泥質粉砂巖: Muddy Silty stone
              粉砂質泥巖: Silty mudstone
              泥巖: Mudstone
              強風化: high weathered
              中等風化: medium weathered
              反射波法: method of reflection wave
              波形曲線變化特征:
              Change characteristics of wave curve
              輕微裂縫: slight defective pile
              樁身完整: pile of body integrity
              缺陷: defect
              斷樁: breakage of pile
              擴頸: enlargement of pile diameter
              縮頸: pile diameter reduction
              10夾泥: slurry mixture
              離析: concrete segregation

              十、質量檢查驗收
              質量控制點:quality control point
              地基驗槽:ground inspection
              平面放線:plane setting out
              鋼筋驗收: Steel rebar acceptance
              inspection
              模板驗收: formwork acceptance
              inspection
              混凝土見證取樣:witness sampling of
              concrete
              剪力墻:shear wall
              基礎:foundation
              剪力:shear
              剪切變形:shear deformation
              剪切模量:shear modulus
              拉力:tension
              壓力:pressure
              延伸率:percentage of elongation
              位移:displacement
              應力:stress
              應變:strain
              應力集中:concentration of stresses
              應力松弛:stress relaxation
              應力圖:stress diagram
              應力應變曲線:stress-strain curve
              應力狀態:state of stress
              鋼絲:steel wire
              箍筋:hoop reinforcement
              箍筋間距:stirrup spacing
              加載:loading
              抗壓強度:compressive strength
              抗彎強度:bending strength
              抗扭強度:torsional strength
              抗拉強度:tensile strength
              裂縫:crack
              屈服:yield
              屈服點:yield point
              屈服荷載:yield load
              屈服極限:limit of yielding
              屈服強度:yield strength
              屈服強度下限:lower limit of yield
              荷載:load
              橫截面:cross section
              承載力:bearing capacity
              承重結構:bearing structure
              彈性模量:elastic modulus
              預應力鋼筋混凝土: prestressed
              reinforced concrete
              預應力鋼筋:prestressed reinforcement
              預應力損失:loss of prestress
              預制板:precast slab
              現澆鋼筋混凝土結構:cast-in-place
              reinforced concrete
              雙向配筋:two-way reinforcement
              主梁:main beam
              11 12
              次梁:secondary beam
              彎矩:moment
              懸臂梁:cantilever beam
              延性:ductileity
              受彎構件:member in bending
              受拉區:tensile region
              受壓區:compressive region
              塑性:plasticity
              軸向壓力:axial pressure
              軸向拉力:axial tension
              吊車梁:crane beam
              可靠性:reliability
              粘結力:cohesive force
              外力:external force
              彎起鋼筋:bent-up bar
              彎曲破壞:bending failure
              屋架:roof truss
              素混凝土:non-reinforced concrete
              無梁樓蓋:flat slab
              配筋率:reinforcement ratio
              配箍率:stirrup ratio
              泊松比:Poisson’s ratio
              偏心受拉:eccentric tension
              偏心受壓:eccentric compression
              偏心距:eccentric distance
              疲勞強度:fatigue strength
              偏心荷載:eccentric load
              跨度:span
              跨高比:span-to-depth ratio
              跨中荷載:mid-span load
              框架結構:frame structure
              集中荷載:concentrated load
              分布荷載:distribution load
              分布鋼筋:distribution steel
              撓度:deflection
              設計荷載:design load
              設計強度:design strength
              構造:construction
              簡支梁:simple beam
              截面面積:area of section
              澆注:pouring
              澆注混凝土:concreting
              鋼筋搭接:bar splicing
              剛架:rigid frame
              脆性:brittleness
              脆性破壞:brittle failure

              十一、交工技術文件
              交工技術文件 technical document for
              construction completion

              工程材料:construction material
              出廠合格證:Ex-work quality certificate
              鋼材性能檢測報告: steel material
              performance testing report
              鋼材試驗報告:steel testing report
              inspection

              十二、辦公用品
              訂書機 stapler
              訂書釘 staple
              復印機 copier,
              Copy machine, photocopier
              復印紙 copying paper
              打印機 printer






              土建專業常用規范:
              ◆《先張法預應力混凝土管樁》
              (GB13476-1999)
              Pretensioned spun concrete
              piles(GB13476-1999)
              ◆ 《預應力混凝土管樁》
              (03SG409)Prestressed spun concrete piles
              (03SG409)

              ◆ 《建筑樁基技術規范》(JGJ94-94)
              Technical code for building pile
              foundation (JGJ94-94)
              ◆ 《混凝土質量控制標準》
              (GB50164-1992)
              Standard of Concrete Quality Control
              (GB50164-1992)
              ◆ 《建筑地基基礎設計規范》(GB
              50007-2002)
              Code for design of building foundation
              (GB50007-2002)
              ◆《建筑地基基礎工程施工質量驗收規
              范》(GB 50202-2002)
              Code for acceptance of construction
              quality of foundation engineering (GB
              50202-2002)
              ◆《建筑地基處理技術規范》 (JGJ79-2002
              J220-2002)
              Technical code for ground treatment of
              buildings
              ◆ 《建筑基樁檢測技術規范》 Technical
              code for testing of building foundation
              piles (JGJ106-2003 J256-2003)
              ◆ 《基樁低應變動力檢測規程》(JGJ/T
              93-95)
              Specification for low strain dynamic
              testing of piles (JGJ/T 93-95)
              ◆《混凝土結構工程施工質量驗收規范》
              (GB 50204-2002)
              Code for acceptance of construction
              quality of concrete structures (GB
              50204-2002)
              ◆《建筑防腐蝕工程施工及驗收規范》
              (GB 50212-2002) Code for construction
              and acceptance of building corrosion
              prevention works (GB-50212-2002)
              ◆ 《建筑工程施工質量驗收統一標準》
              (GB50300-2001)
              Unified standard for constructional quality
              acceptance of building engineering
              ◆ 《鋼結構工程施工質量驗收規范》 (GB
              50205-2001)
              Code for acceptance of construction
              quality of steel structures
              ◆ 《建筑鋼結構焊接技術規程》
              (JGJ81-2002)
              Technical specification for Welding of
              steel structure of building
              13 14
               

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